What you need to know


Since 2002, Coronavirus has made its debut in the world with its role in the SARS epidemic. However, there is still many misconceptions about this virus. In view of the recent Wuhan coronavirus (2019-nCoV) epidemic, Coronavirus is once again put in the spot light. Here is all you need to know about Coronavirus.

What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus refers to a group of viruses that can cause a range of infection and diseases in mammals, birds and humans. In humans, coronavirus infection could be as mild as a common cold to more severe illnesses such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and the Wuhan Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which can be fatal. There are numerous strains of Coronavirus and many are very common but are not a danger to humans. In fact, most people will get infected with Coronavirus at least once in their life which will most likely present as a common cold or some form respiratory infections.

What is 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)?

2019 Novel Coronavirus which is also known as “2019-nCoV” is a new strain of Coronavirus that causes respiratory diseases and it is first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.

How are they transmitted?

The transmission of the coronavirus is similar to a cold virus.
  • Airborne water droplets
    It is can spread in the in form of airborne water droplets when an infected person sneezes or cough.
  • Direct contact with the virus
    Being in contact with an infected person or surfaces which the infected person has touched and then carrying the virus to your mouth or eyes prior to washing your hands.
Coronaviruses are very prevalent and found in many mammalian species such as pig, cats, dogs and bats. Wuhan Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was speculated to have originated from an animal source which was able to cross-infect a human who has come in contact with it.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breathe
  • Malaise
Learn more on Coronavirus Sign and Symptoms

Diagnosis of Coronavirus

Diagnosis is based on:
  • Signs and Symptoms
  • Physical Exam
  • Blood or Lab test
  • Travel History
Learn more on Coronavirus Diagnosis

Treatment of Coronavirus

As of now, there is no vaccine or recommended specific treatment for coronavirus. Current treatment is to relieve symptoms and provide supportive care as required.
    Learn more on Coronavirus Treatment

    Prevention of Coronavirus

    • Wash your hands frequently
    • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer
    • Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth
    • Stay away from sick people
    • Stay away from people when sick
    • Wear a face mask
    • Cough or sneeze into a tissue paper
    • Clean and disinfect frequently contacted surfaces
    Learn more on Coronavirus Prevention